Mao built on these basic tenets of Marxism and Leninism.
His theory of Maoism is built on the following concepts.
- Revolutionary struggle of the mass against against their exploiting classes and their supporting state infrastructure.
- Political transformation through the involvement of the people from the lower strata of the society.
- Supporting the struggle through guerrilla war tactics.
The contribution of mining to the Indian economy is significant. Central India is especially rich in minerals. Large corporations have significant stakes in these mining activities.
Many a times, or rather frequently, the policies of the government and the actions of these corporations are detrimental to the interests of the people who live in these mineral rich regions.
The people in these regions often feel exploited. Frequently, the economic benefits gained out of such mining explorations are not given back to the region. This creates a sense of discontent among the mass leading to unhappiness.
The Maoists are people who are fighting for this strata of the society. They are fighting for the rights of the tribals from these regions of India.
India has been crying hoarse for strong action against these Maoists - which have some presence in approximately 28% of the Indian administrative districts.
Now 28% is a huge number - it means approximately 1/3rd of India. It is high time that the Maoists Movement is quelled before it becomes seriously damaging to the nation at large.
What is my take on the situation right now?
As an immediate measure, the Government of India should take strong decisive steps to bring down the Maoists.
It can include holding peace talks with them - urging them to join the political main stream and assuring them of the Government's greater support in bringing all round development to the region, which they feel is neglected. But such peace talks will take time. Should India bleed till then?
As an alternative, the Government can launch an all out military offensive against the Maoists. These will make things bloody in short term. But if the offensive is successful, we can have assured peace later.
This would importantly require that the Indian State takes adequate steps to ensure the all round development of such regions - the lack of which is the cause of this struggle. This has been lacking to some extent in the last 60 years. And with the huge amount of corruption in the Indian bureaucracy, ensuring this will be a far fetched task.
There is a section of the civil society which is against such military offensive. Their line of argument - why should you attack your own people?
The argument is fine - but I think it holds good only till your own people support the nation. When they start going against the nation and its people at large, this argument should not hold good.
Can we draw an equivalence from Sri Lanka - which was fighting the LTTE for close to 33 years? After several years of peace talks, the Lankans launched an offensive against the tigers and defeated them in May 2009. We are now looking at a peaceful country and Sri Lanka is hoping to make the most of it.
Taking a decision on the plan of action against the Maoists is not easy. P Chidambaram, the Home Minister of India, is looking for a larger mandate to take appropriate against the Maoists.
A re-look at the policy against the Maoists is a must.
Finally, I strongly hope that we have a a peaceful solution to the threat from the Maoists.